Cerebrospinal Meningitis Outbreak In Nigeria

Meningitis is an inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord.CAUSE

It is commonly caused by viruses and bacteria.

The current outbreak in Nigeria is caused by a bacteria – Neisseria Meningitidis serogroupC

PREVENTION

Immunization is the key prevention

Proper ventilation of houses

Avoid overcrowded places

Avoid close contact with infected individuals

Keep a good hygiene especially proper hand washing

MOST COMMON SYMPTOMS

High fever

Stiff neck

Sensitivity to light

Confusion

Headache

Vomiting e.t.c

Meningitis is a health emergency, anyone with the above symptoms should visit the nearest health facility

Is there a treatment? YES, early detection helps in increasing the success of the treatment.

FACTS

Nigeria lies on the meningitis belt (region in sub-Saharan Africa where the rate of meningitis is very high)

Over 300 people have died in the current outbreak

The first case was reported in Zamfara in late 2016

The affected states are Zamfara, Katsina, Sokoto, Kebbi and Niger states

Most affected age group is 5 -14 years old making up about half of the reported cases

Both sexes are affected almost equally

This is the worst outbreak since 2009 (there were over 9,000 cases with about 562 deaths)

Until recently the outbreaks were caused by Neisseria meningitidis  serogroup A

Source : ncdc.gov.ng

Written by Olure Bimbola Victoria


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